Common Questions About LPI Online

What is the LPI Online?

Fully secure, intuitive, and interactive, this technology-driven system provides 24/7 web-based access to a full complement of LPI assessment products and tools. Only one username and password is required—whether you are an Administrator, Leader, Student Leader, or Observer.

Individual participants can link directly to their LPI assignments, take assessments (which were once only available using paper and pencil), and manage all activities related to their experience with LPI online:

  • All assignments can be easily created, tracked, and managed
  • Assessment responses are accurately recorded
  • Scoring is automated
  • Feedback reports can be produced immediately and are accessible from any web-enabled computer

Who are the LPI assessments for?

Anyone interested in becoming a more effective leader and learning to apply Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner's acclaimed Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership® model to real-life challenges and opportunities will benefit from the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). This comprehensive suite of LPI tools includes leadership assessment instruments for both working adults and students with little or no work experience. Typically administered by human resource professionals within training, organization development, talent management, or leadership development departments and independent management consultants and coaches, the LPI 360 and LPI Individual are designed for both new and seasoned leaders. The Student LPI is aimed at young people who are looking to enhance their leadership role in school or in the community. Supporting the authors' core philosophy that "Leadership is Everyone's Business," LPI Online underscores the belief that anyone can learn to be an effective leader if they are given the right feedback and tools.

What is the difference between the various LPI assessments?

The LPI 360 is an observer-based tool for leaders and managers at all levels in an organization—commercial and nonprofit, health care and government. This tool incorporates the LPI Self assessment (completed by the Leader) and the LPI Observer (completed by others chosen by the Leader).

The LPI Individual includes the use of the LPI Self assessment as a way of independently measuring one's own leadership behaviors and is typically used as an introduction to the LPI, when 360-degree feedback is not appropriate, or when time is short (in a meeting or presentation, for example).

The Student LPI was created specifically for use with high school or college students. This tool incorporates the Student LPI assessment (completed by the Student Leader) and the Student LPI Observer assessment that provides valuable 360-dgree feedback from teachers, coaches, teammates, co-workers, and others who have direct experience of the individual in a leadership role.

What methodology was used to create the LPI?

The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) was developed through a triangulation of qualitative and quantitative research methods and studies. In-depth interviews and written case studies from personal-best leadership experiences generated the conceptual framework, which consists of The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership®:

  • Model the Way
  • Inspire a Shared Vision
  • Challenge the Process
  • Enable Others to Act
  • Encourage the Heart

The actions that make up these practices were translated into behavioral statements. Following several iterative psychometric processes, the assessments were created and administered to managers and non-managers across a variety of organizations, disciplines, and demographic backgrounds. A version of the LPI (Student LPI) also has been developed for specific use with high school and college students.

If you would like to learn more about the psychometric properties of the LPI, please visit the research section of

How reliable are the LPI assessments?

All of the LPI assessments are based on solid research that spans over twenty-five years. Reliability of the LPI is routinely tested through analysis of internal reliability, and all five leadership practices have consistently shown strong internal reliability coefficients—meaning that the items are highly correlated within each scale. Test and retest reliability also is high. In addition, results have high face validity and predictive validity: the results make sense to people and, over time, have proven to predict high-performing leaders and moderate- and low-performing ones. Overall, the LPI has been extensively applied in many organizational settings and is highly regarded in both the academic and practitioner world.

How long does it take to complete the LPI assessments?

Typically, it takes a Leader or Observer approximately 10-15 minutes to complete any of the 30-item assessments.

Who are the authors?

James M. Kouzes and Barry Z. Posner are preeminent researchers, award-winning writers, and highly sought-after teachers in the field of leadership. Jim is Dean's Executive Professor of Leadership, Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara University. Barry is a Professor of Leadership at the Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara University, where he served for 12 years as Dean of the School.

Jim and Barry are authors of the award-winning The Leadership Challenge (now in its 4th edition) plus other best-selling books that include A Leader's Legacy, Credibility, Encouraging the Heart, The Leadership Challenge® Workshop, The Leadership Challenge Workbook, The Student Leadership Challenge, and The Leadership Challenge Journal.

Click here for more information about Jim or Barry—to contact them or view their speaking schedule and full biographies.

Want to know more about The Leadership Challenge? In books and workbooks, training materials and workshops, assessments and videos, Jim and Barry have been writing on leadership for over 20 years, examining leaders, leadership, and leadership development from several points of view. Check out the entire library of leadership knowledge and tools at

What are the system requirements for LPI Online?

We support Win XP, Win Vista, Windows 7, Mac OS X, and Linux, with support for Firefox 3.0 and IE 6.0 & 7.0. IE 8.0 customers should run in compatibility view. Javascript must be enabled.

Email Accounts and Access

All Administrators, Leaders, Observers, and Student Leaders must have a valid email account. LPI Online depends on email for sending notifications to all participants and all Email Spam Filters should be checked to be sure that they do not interfere with delivery. You can contact your organization's email administrator to determine if there are any email filters in place that may block receipt of mail from the LPI Online system.

Third Party Software

Some documents on LPI Online will require Adobe Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing. If you do not have this program, it is available free at:

Accept Cookies

In order for LPI Online to function properly, your browser must accept cookies. For instructions on setting your browser to accept cookies, please refer to your browser's help section.

Back Button

Avoid using your browser's BACK button to navigate to a previous page. This can disrupt certain processing functions, such as when processing a purchasing transaction. Please use the BACK buttons provided on all functional pages.

Session Time

For security purposes, LPI Online is set to timeout after approximately 45 minutes of inactivity, ending your session. You will be required to login again to restart your session.

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